Kaluga Region was formed on July 5, 1944 as part of the Central Federal District.
Regional center - Kaluga.
Distance from Kaluga to Moscow - 188 km.
Territory - 29,900 sq.m (0.17 % of RF).
Administrative and territorial structure of Kaluga Region:
- Urban districts – 2
- Municipal boroughs – 24
- Urban settlements – 28
- Rural settlements – 258
Kaluga Region is located in the central part of the East European Plain, in the river basins of the Oka and the Desna. The region shares borders with the Troitsk Administrative District of Moscow, Moscow, Tula, Bryansk, Smolensk and Oryol Regions.
From north to south, the territory of the region extends over more than 220 km, from 53°30' to 55°30' northern latitude, and from west to east – for 220 km. The region’s territory is crossed by major railway lines – Moscow-Kiev, Donbas-St. Petersburg, and also Syzran-Vyazma and Michurinsk-Smolensk. These railways are used both as local and long-distance transit routes between Moscow and St. Petersburg and the Ukraine, the Volga Region, Central Chernozem Region and Belarus.
The region’s territory is also crossed by two major federal highways (Moscow-Brest and Moscow-Kiev), which are used for transit routes between Moscow and the Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary.
By density of general access railways and motorways, the region is among the top twenty regions of Russia, and it is firmly established among the top ten regions with the most advanced telecommunication networks.
The region’s economic geographical position is defined also by its proximity to the capitol and industrial centers like Tula and Bryansk.